Before upholstery became more common in the 18th century, loose cushions were the only means of providing sitting comfort on wooden furniture. Horsehair, tree moss, dried grass, cotton, excelsior and wood shavings were materials used as padding. Some antiques used unusual springs that are no longer being made.
There are various levels of restoration, from reusing the existing materials to complete replacement. Bernacki & Associates offers modern & traditional upholstery techniques to bring furniture to its original look and function, including fabric and textile restoration.